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Youth Groups, Youth Villages, and Residential Institutions

The first youth groups, assembled and sent to Eretz Israel from German-speaking countries, were accommodated on kibbutzim (rural collectives). They were privileged to receive agricultural training and academic education; the kibbutzim were privileged to receive young people who embraced the Zionist idea passionately. They filled the ranks of the Labor Movement’s rural-settlement enterprise and, when it came their turn, they established dozens of rural localities themselves.

After statehood was attained and mass immigration ensued, the kibbutzim could no longer take care of the youth groups on their own.

Youth Aliyah responded by establishing youth villages—initially next to the kibbutzim and afterwards independently of them. The nature of the influx, initially refugees from World War II and later, upon statehood, diverse population groups, Youth Aliyah had to redeploy and broaden the range of services that it offered its clients.

The model used to receive, care for, and educate these children and adolescents was created by Dr. Siegfried Lehmann, founder and director of Ben Shemen Youth Village. Counselors and teachers at this institution set out to establish additional villages patterned after Ben Shemen all around the country. Additional institutions provided educational and psychological services for special-needs populations, club facilities and day centers catered to urban youth, etc.


Rachel Ben-Zvi’s Learning Farm est. 1919
Rachel Ben-Zvi’s Learning Farm est. 1919
"Rachel Ben-Zvi’s Learning Farm” was established in 1919 in the Talpiot quarter of Jerusalem
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Ahava‘ Children’s and Youth Village est. 1914
Ahava‘ Children’s and Youth Village est. 1914
The soup kitchen was founded by a group of Zionist women and became a boarding school
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Mikveh Yisrael est. 1870
Mikveh Yisrael est. 1870
The first agricultural school in Israel.
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Meir Shefaya est. 1891
Meir Shefaya est. 1891
Meir Shefaya is a youth village adjacent to Zikhron Yaakov
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Ben Shemen Youth Village est. 1927
Ben Shemen Youth Village est. 1927
Ben Shemen Youth Village is near two moshavim, Ben Shemen & Ginaton.
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Kevutsat Rodges (Kevutsat Yavne) est. 1929
Kevutsat Rodges (Kevutsat Yavne) est. 1929
In 1928, a group of young Jews in Germany established Bahad
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Kefar ha-Noar ha-Dati est. 1936
Kefar ha-Noar ha-Dati est. 1936
Religious youngsters need places that would observe the Sabbath & Kashrut
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Ben-Zion Mossinson Magdiel Youth Village est. 1941
Ben-Zion Mossinson Magdiel Youth Village est. 1941
Youth Village is in Hod Hasharon, between Ramatayim & Magdiel.
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